Research/ Studies/ Hour Pictures Germany: Deutscher Taichi-Bund - Dachverband für Tai Chi und Qigong e. V.
The DTB is the umbrella organisation for Taiji and Qigong in Germany. Scientific research programs were initiated in 2011 to explore the connections to traditional Japanese Budo. According to Louis Swaim many Chinese thinkers in the early eighteenth Century had an admiring fascination for bushido.This and many other facets should be explored in more depth. Unfortunately the situation in Germany is awkward - it is not science orientated but instead reflects Thomas Gray's proverbial "Where ignorance is bliss it is folly to be wise" and "The emperor has no clothes". This calls for change to enhance the reputation of Tai Chi Chuan. Source www.tai-chi-qigong-verband.de
Nairiki Kata / Nairiki No Gyo - scientific research: Information wanted
Japanese Terms like “Ki” and "Internal Strength" are hard to define and there are lots of controversies between different schools claiming to teach it. Experts note that types of exercises like the Nairiki Kata were quite common in traditional Japanese jujutsu schools. This intricate form of body training was probably introduced to Japan from China in the mid-Edo Period. Those original Nairiki no Gyo were specifically created adaptations of Chinese practices.
Kata like “Nairiki no Gyo” can aptly be used for modern holistic health promotion as they were designed to cultivate specific body skills to develop internal energy. Current topics include Fascia, Anatomy Trains, and Tensegrity.
Internal martial arts aim to develop integrity/ body structure in such a way that they become more connected and better aligned to the spine and centre. Posture, alignment, body structure and relaxation are core requirements in both Nairiki and Tai Chi Chuan. It is especially clear in Tuishou/ Pushing Hands. In addition contemporary science explores the role of the fascia for development of integrity. This will soon shed more light on both the Japanese Nairiki excercises and the Chinese art of Taijiquan. The important role of Sung i. e. relaxation and extension in Yang Style Taijiquan is aptly explained by grandmaster Yang Zhenduo.
Wado Ryu Nairiki Kata Seishan and Naihanchi
Wado Ryu Kata "Seishan" and "Naihanchi" are seen as Wado Nairiki Kata. Founder Hironori Otsuka was also probably well versed in a set of kata they have called "Nairiki no gyo”. These were designed to foster internal strength, better body structure and posture. Some practitionars of the Nairiki No Gyo report that they have increased in height . . .
Louis Swaim discusses an interesting point - it reminds of Nairiki Kata Zangetsu:
The Taji Classics (e.g. in the Yang Forty text Taijiquan Lun) demand "stand like a balance scale" (li ru pingzhun)
It could either be a steelyard (cheng) or the type with two pans (tianping).
There is a line in the Yang Forty chapters text 24: “If one stands like a plumb line and balance, then the slightest deviation in lightness, heaviness, floating, or sinking will be obvious.” (Wile, p. 77)
I believe early Chinese carpenter levels were variously of the spirit level or water level type, as well as a mechanical type based on a plum-line, and in fact resembling a balance scale. Barbara Davis, by the way, neatly translates the line in question: “Stand like an even level.” (The Taijiquan Classics, p. 114).
We have two statements—one about how one stands, one about how one moves - each involving a metaphor. The two metaphors are notable for sharing characteristics of balance and equilibrium; for a centered still-point of either the scale's fulcrum or the wheel’s axle; and for responsiveness to outer conditions.
Lost T'ai-chi Classics from the Late Ch'ing Dynasty. http:/www.yangfamilytaichi.com/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=740&hilit=%E8%B5%B0&start=135
Changes of speed as seen in Nairiki Kata Shingetsu can be likened to Chen-Taijiquan or Yang Style's Lotus sweep.
Taiji posture can be likened to an inflated ball. This adds to the idea of storage and redirection used in partner excercises. See: Ting Kuo Piao (Willam Ting in Tai Chi Magazine Vol 24, No 4 pp 44. This bears strong resemblance to Nairiki Kata Tekyaku.
Tuishou/ Push Hands bears resemblance to Nairiki Kata Yoitsuki. Different ways of energy generation. Fokussing energy is discussed at length here: Fajin
Chen Taijiquan favors spiral movements as can be seen in Nairiki Kata Tetsutai.
Nairiki - Resources to start with
The nairiki no gyo kata in Shindo Yoshin ryu, which informed Ohtsuka's jujutsu training are supposedly descended from southern Chinese martial traditions. So yes, they are essentially Japanese modifications of the Chinese daoyins found in many Chinese internal training traditions
The Nairiki no gyo comprise eight solo kata. They incorporate specific body movement and physical dynamics. The omote versions are usually taught in three levels of complexity, starting as simple movement & relaxation, then progressing to include specific structural alignment and finally stressing specific muscular dynamics.
The most fundamental benefit obtained thru the performance of the omote Nairiki no gyo is the cultivation of integrated muscular strengthening. The greater benefit of this type of body training is that it inculcates an integrated form of muscular power rather than one that is sectional or isolated.
Modern weight training, especially machine based weight training
purposely strengthens muscles in isolation, inhibiting the
strengthening of surrounding muscles and other associated
structures. Such training also inhibits the realization of
coordinated muscular awareness.
Nairiki kata can develop bone structure awareness. Proper structural awareness allows the body to "rest" efficiently on its framework utilizing minimum muscular tension to remain erect. Structural relaxation of the musculature increases body awareness with the goal of increasing levels of internal sensitivity and connection to ones base (ground).
Once a practitioner can stand with a truly relaxed body, movement can then be employed in a manner that encourages and reinforces a more efficient relationship between the bone structure and musculature. This creates the sense of having a truly connected body, one that feels and moves in unified harmony. When opposing forces are met by this body it is able to feel and respond in a coordinated manner that is a genuine expression of the body's unified capabilities.
Nairiki kata can create energy pathways that allow us to re-channel energy away from our center of gravity. This is not mystical clap trap but the utilization of structural alignment and controlled relaxation to rechannel forces so they travel thru our bodies and into our base, making our base stronger and more able to resist opposing forces without the accompanying tension employed in an unconnected body structure. Without the ability to manifest selective relaxation, a unified muscular body and a properly arranged bone structure, effectively utilizing energy pathways is very difficult if not impossible.
When an uncoordinated and unconnected body meets opposing forces,
isolated muscular tension is employed, resulting in resistance
without a solid or efficient connection to ones base. As a result,
one is easily moved or manipulated into a compromised position.
In a primitive attempt to resist an attacking force the common body attempts to shore up its center of gravity thru the implementation of isolated tension and simple leverage. Unfortunately this provides an energy pathway to the center of gravity and base allowing an adversary to employ primitive strength and weight as determining factors for success.
""Nairiki" - Body Mechanics, Connectedness and Internal Strength
From the various similarities between Taijiquan and Shindo Yoshin Ryu we choose one to begin with: Body mechanics and its role in developing Inner Strength ("Nairiki", Nairiki No Gyo, Nairiki Kata). To my knowledge there has not been much serious research on this matter - at least not on a scientific level. The eminent role of proper body mechanics in martial arts is as interesting as challenging. The role of myofasical-trains has still to be studied deeper and with more scientific scrutiny. Topics are "Unified Strength" and "Connected Body". My research is focused on describing main aspects of body mechanics in Yang Style Taijiquan and compare them with statements about Shindo Yoshin Ryu and especially "Nairiki". 1: Posture and Structure 2: Linear Energy and Spiraling Energy 3: Proprioception Outwards and Proprioception Inwards. 4: Physical Aspects and Mental Aspects. Autoritative Info wanted: Nairiki Kata compared to Chinese Qigong: Banjaku Tetsutai Tekyaku Shingetsu Zangetsu, Battsu.
Jujutsu exercises use internal body dynamics and structure to develop connection to the ground.
"Nairiki" - Body Mechanics, Connectedness and Internal Strength
From the various similarities between Taijiquan and Shindo Yoshin Ryu we choose one to begin with: Body mechanics and its role in developing Inner Strength ("Nairiki", Nairiki No Gyo, Nairiki Kata). To my knowledge there has not been much serious research on this matter - at least not on a scientific level. The eminent role of proper body mechanics in martial arts is as interesting as challenging. The role of myofasical-trains has still to be studied deeper and with more scientific scrutiny. Topics are "Unified Strength" and "Connected Body". My research is focused on describing main aspects of body mechanics in Yang Style Taijiquan and compare them with statements about Shindo Yoshin Ryu and especially "Nairiki". 1: Posture and Structure 2: Linear Energy and Spiraling Energy 3: Proprioception Outwards and Proprioception Inwards. 4: Physical Aspects and Mental Aspects.
Body mechanics: Unified Strength / Connected Body
The traditional Japanese Martial Art Jujutsu is designed to build "inner Strength" ("Nairiki"/ "Nairiki Kata"). Tai Chi Chuan is based on similar "Internals".
German DTB asks:
We do have first hand material for study, but we respect the wish to not make it public. Therefore more authoritative, legitimate information and evidence is wanted. Our international scientific Research programs study the role of proprioception, awareness, posture, connectedness/ unified strength, body-structure body-mechanics and mental control.
Das "Traditional Yang-Family-Qigong"
Yang-Familie und Tai Chi Chuan - Veränderungen
Das Tai Chi der Yang-Familie hat sich seit dem Gründer Yang Luchan durch die Generationen ständig verändert. Es ist charakterisiert durch Bewegungen, die Kraft mit Sanftheit kombinieren. Entspannung, gleichförmige Geschwindigkeit, Natürlichkeit und Flexiibilität sind zentrale Merkmale. Entscheidend für die Qualität ist weiterhin die Körper-Geist-Verbindung, d. h. das Bewußtsein synchronisiert den Bewegungsfluss. Beeinflusst wurde der Yang-Stil nicht nur durch die Familienmitglieder sondern auch durch ihre Schüler und durch Meister anderer Stile wie Chen-Stil und Wu-Stil. Allerdings war der Kontakt und der Austausch mit der Chen-Familie aus Chenjiagou lange Zeit unterbrochen und wurde erst in jüngster Zeit durch Yang Juns "Tai Chi Symposien" wieder intensiviert. weiterlesen: Yang-Familie.
Taiji-Meister der "International Yang Family Tai Chi Chuan Association" kann man generell der Esoterik zurechnen. Gleiches gilt für die Meister der früheren Generationen der Familie Yang. Immer wieder gab es in der Historie Sekten und Sektierertum.
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